This model is of a Viking cargo ship or knörr, under sail and close-hauled on the starboard tack ('starboard' = the side the 'steering board' or rudder is on; the other side is clear of obstructions to go alongside, so 'port' side). They could sail surprisingly close to the wind with their single square sail. This hull is modelled on one of five ships discovered by archaeologists in the mud of Roskilde fjord in Denmark. They were deliberately sunk there to block the channel up to the royal palace to stop Viking-age raiders from other places. Building a clinker hull (overlapped planks) was an interesting challenge as well as carving the oars and other accessories.
Golden Hind, before the wind, 150mm LOA, 1953 - a model of the ship in which Sir Walter Raleigh circumnavigated the world. How this ever survived my own travels around the world beats me. I built it when I was twelve (ie 1953). Apart from an occasional repaint of faded ink colours on the sails and flags, and the replacement of a few cannons, it is still intact. The paper sails are very brittle by now. The cannons are tubular 'bugle beads'; the blocks are small red glass beads. The hull and stand are made of English Oak which my father found from somewhere.
Scottish Maid. Sails sent down. A beautiful brigantine built from a kit. However, I still found a lot of challenges in improving the kit, double-planking the hull, and accurate rigging. She was one of the first ships with a 'clipper bow' and was designed for trading around the English coast. The advances in design were carried forward into the China Tea Clippers such as Cutty Sark and Thermopylae.
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 Copyright 2003+ Arthur Sale
Last Modified: 26 December 2010
Normandy fishing sloop. On the port tack, 300mm LOA x 450mm high. Carvel planked, removable floorboards, loose gear, operational rudders and running rigging.